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Hypertension and Kidney Disease

Find out how these two common and potentially serious conditions affect one another. 

Whether you’ve been diagnosed with high blood pressure or kidney disease, no doubt one of our El Paso, TX, nephrologists have discussed how these two conditions are connected. Some people develop renal hypertension (high blood pressure as a result of kidney disease) while those with high blood pressure may end up developing kidney disease if they don’t get their hypertension under control.


What does hypertension do to the body? 

To understand how these two conditions are connected it’s important to understand what high blood pressure can do to the body. When your blood pressure is elevated for too long this can damage the blood vessels including the blood vessels within the kidneys. This can cause the kidneys to malfunction or be unable to properly filter waste. When there is extra fluid buildup in the blood vessels this will only elevate your blood pressure.


How common are these conditions? 

It’s important to recognize that as many as 1 in 2 adults in the US (or 108 million people) have hypertension or high blood pressure. High blood pressure is also a leading cause of kidney disease and failure, so it’s important that you are seeking proper medical checkups and care to monitor your blood pressure or any chronic conditions you may have.


Are there risk factors for hypertension and kidney disease?

There are a number of factors that can play a role in whether or not you develop high blood pressure or kidney disease. While family history and race can impact your risk for both conditions, leading an unhealthy lifestyle (e.g. smoking; poor diet; sedentary) can increase the risk for high blood pressure. Patients who’ve been diagnosed with diabetes are also at an increased risk for developing kidney disease.


How do I know whether I have high blood pressure? 

The problem is that most people don’t even know that they have high blood pressure. That’s why it’s been nicknamed the “silent killer”. That’s why it’s important to visit your doctor for routine checkups (even if you’re healthy) and if you are at an increased risk for high blood pressure you should monitor your blood pressure at home.


How are these conditions treated? 

Our nephrologists’ goals are to prevent or slow the development of kidney disease in people with high blood pressure. To do that, we will work with you to create a treatment plan that includes both lifestyle modifications and medication. Some of these lifestyle changes will include,

  • Losing excess weight
  • Getting regular physical active
  • Eating a healthy diet that is low in sodium
  • Managing stress
  • Limiting or avoiding alcohol
  • Quitting or avoiding smoking


It’s important that you understand your risk for high blood pressure and that you see a doctor if you have any concerns. The team at Kidney Consultants of El Paso is here to make sure that you get the care you need to address any complications or conditions associated with kidney disease. To schedule an appointment please call (915) 544-7767.

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